Type of Structural Loads – Buildings, Bridges and Culverts

Loads are external forces acting on a structure. Stresses are the internal forces that resist the loads. The following are the loads’ forces and stresses to be considered in designing superstructures of building, bridges and culverts. Dead Load Live Loads Wind Loads Snow Loads Earthquake Loads Hydrostatic and soil pressure Impact loads  Dead Loads Dead …

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7 Advantages of Steel Buildings in Construction

Steel buildings have environmental benefits that most people would never even consider. Any steel structure incorporating the organic material, there is a minimal risk of mould and mildew infestations and steel buildings are 100% recyclable so can either be easily repurposed. Steel building construction tends to be favoured by those in the agricultural and engineering …

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Structural Elements of Bridges

A bridge is subdivided into the superstructure, substructure and foundation. Deck: The portion of the bridge that directly carries traffic. Superstructure: The portion of the bridge that supports the deck and connects one substructure element to another. Substructure: The portion of the bridge that supports the superstructure and distributes all bridge loads to below-ground bridge footings. Structural …

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Steel Structure Design methods

Steel structure may be design three methods.Elastic design Plastic design Limit sate designElastic design is the traditional method. Steel is almostperfectly elastic up to the yield point and elastic theory is a very goodmethod on which ton base design.

Industrial Building Systems

Industrial Building Systems are those structures used by anindustry; this can be of any type ranging from salt and sand to those manufacturingof heavy equipment. Generally at leasta part and in most cases the entire area is of one storey height.

Tension Membrane Structures

Tension membrane structures offer an aesthetic,  practical, and cost-effective way to provideroofing to either new or existing areas. These shade  supporting structures have been put into usefor most  part of the twentieth centuryand have found wide  spread applicationsincluding,

Structural Steel Fire Protection

Fire Resistance Rating for loadbearing (structural) elements is defined as: “the ability of the structural element to withstand the effects of a defined fire (e.g. hydrocarbon time/ temperature profile) for a specified time without loss of the loadbearing function of structural members.” Fire Resistance Rating for loadbearing elements is described by defining the following: the structural …

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