## Floor area method estimating

This estimate is an approximate cost obtained by using anestimated price for each unit of groos floor area. This method of estimatingfacilities costs is frequently used in building and residential homeconstruction. The main reason for the popularity of the ?oor area method is its simplicity.There are few rules to remember and the cost per square metre …

## Variations of Building P- i

Variations may arise in any of the following situations (1) when the architect needs or wishes to vary the design or the specification. (2) when a discrepancy is discovered between any two or more of the contract documents. (3) when a discrepancy is discovered between any statutory requirement and any of the contract documents. 4) …

## Basic Structural Symbols and abbreviations part i

Aggregate ————————————aggBitumen ————————————–bitBlock work ———————————–blkBrick work ———————————–bwkBuilding ————————————-bldgColumn —————————————colConcrete ————————————-concDam proof course/membrane ——— dpc/dpm Drawing——————————- drgElevation ———————————- ELFoundation —————————– fdsFull size ————————- FSSetting out point ———————- SOPSetting out line ————————– SOLNear face——————————- NFFar face ——————————- FFEach face ——————————- EFEach way ——————————- EWCenters ——————————— crsCentre to centre ——————– c/c Finishing floor level ———————- FFLStructural floor level …

## Single-rate approximate estimating

1.Unit of accommodation methodThis method is commonly used by national bodies such as the education andhealth services at the inception stage of construction.If a client has an amount ofmoney to spend (a budget) then it would be possible to consider the likely numberof functional units which can be provided.From experience,it might be foundthat the cost …

## Dam Proofing

Dam Proofing In a building the structure should be free from dampness. A dam building is in healthy to these who lived in side and it causes damage to the building of the building there are various courses of dampness in the walls. 1. Moisture rising up in to the found a tin from the …

## Bridge construction Incremental Launching Method 3D Animation Video

This animation simulates the construction of a bridge by incremental launching method.

## Construction Contract & Tender procedure

1. The quantity surveyor and his functions. 1. Understands the procedure a doped for the award of contracts in the construction in destroy. 2. Construction procurement. 3. Tendering procedure 4.Tender evaluation 5. Constitution contracts 6. Execution of the contract 7. Prime cost and provisional sums. 8. Variations and fluctuate tins. 9. Cast control of a …

## Foundation

Construction technology deals with a method of construction of various types of buildings and their components. A building defined as an enclosed space covered by a roof Technically spelling a hut, a place , a cinema hall, a hospital, a workshop etc are all buildings. Buildings in general can be broadly classified into two main …

## The Role of the Quantity Surveyor

A Quantity Surveyortypically manages the financial aspects of a building or construction project. Priorto Construction Preparation of Feasibility Studies Estimating to define project budgets Analysis of the effect of design changes on the project budget Cost planning to refine the budget as the design documents develop Preparation of Bills of Quantities to assist in the …

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